Adelaide is located in South Australia and is its capital city. Adelaide was founded in 1836 and was the vision of Colonel William Light. The city was designed to be surrounded by parklands, which are still in existence today. It is the only city in Australia that is without a convict history. It is a free settlement. Settlement occurred 28th December 1836 at the Old Gum Tree, near Glenelg, which people can still visit. Adelaide has a population of around 1.1 million. Adelaide is multicultural, with people coming from all over the world to live here.
Adelaide is known as the city of churches, due to the great number of churches that can be found here. It is also known as the 20 minute city, to reflect the fact that from the hills in one direction and from the beach in the other, it only takes 20 minutes to get to the city. The outer suburbs of Adelaide stretch for approximately 20 kilometres in each direction bounded by the hills to the east (Mount Lofty Ranges) and the coast to the west (Gulf St. Vincent). With urban sprawl the north/south corridor now extends almost 90 kilometres across the plains.
The weather in Adelaide is very different to what the pandas are used to. It has long, hot summers and rain is unpredictable. Most rainfall occurs in winter, particularly during the months of June and July. In winter the temperature usually falls between 7°C and 22°C, rising to an average in summer of between 16°C and 29°C. During extreme conditions in the summer the temperature can exceed 40C and in recent years there has been a lack of rain during the summer. Snow may rarely occur in the surrounds of Adelaide, up in the hills, however it is not an expected sight in Adelaide.
The festival state
Adelaide is known as the Festival State of Australia and for a good reason. There is usually something exciting happening for visitors to enjoy. For instance every year it holds the Fringe Festival where performers from all over the world gather to entertain us. Adelaide also holds the Festival of Arts and the Clipsal 500 V8 car race.